Home Tcb Scan Blog What is ươmen? All You Need To Know

What is ươmen? All You Need To Know

Are you unfamiliar with ươmen? No need to fret; we’ve got you covered. ươmen is a traditional Vietnamese noodle soup, rich in flavor and guaranteed to satisfy your taste buds. Crafted with either chicken or beef broth and rice noodles, it’s garnished with fresh herbs, bean sprouts, and your preferred meat. While the ingredients are straightforward, the resulting combination is simply delectable. Ideal for any time of day, ươmen offers comfort in a bowl, and once you take your initial spoonful, you’ll be hooked. 

Continue reading to discover the nuances of this iconic Vietnamese dish, from its broth to the toppings, and even the proper way to enjoy a bowl of ươmen. By the end, your mouth will be watering, and you’ll be eager to find the nearest spot for a steaming hot bowl of this delightful creation.

What Is Ướmẽn?

Ướmạn, also known as Vietnamese pizza, is a well-loved street food in Vietnam. It is crafted from a rice flour-based flatbread, generously adorned with toppings like meat, eggs, and crisp fresh vegetables.

The Crust

The ươmạn crust is crafted from a thin, rolled-out rice flour dough, cooked on a hot griddle until it achieves a light brown hue. The inclusion of rice flour imparts a gentle chewiness and a nuanced, nutty flavor to the crust.

The Toppings

A diverse array of delectable toppings elevates the appeal of ươmạn. Popular choices include:

1. Ground pork or beef: Finely chopped and seasoned with a delightful blend of garlic, fish sauce, sugar, and black pepper.

2. Shredded chicken or duck: Gently poached, expertly shredded, and seasoned in a manner reminiscent of the ground meats.

3. Eggs: Whisked and poured over the crust during cooking, creating a setting similar to that of an omelet.

4. Fresh vegetables: Bean sprouts, cucumbers, cilantro, lime, chili peppers, and more contribute freshness, crunch, and a touch of spice.

5. Hoisin or chili sauce: Either brushed on or served alongside to provide an extra burst of flavor.

How to Eat It

Enjoy ươmạn in the most authentic way by savoring it with your hands. Tear off portions of the crust and use them as a vessel to scoop up the enticing array of toppings. The harmonious blend of flavors and textures, ranging from the crispness of the crust to the freshness of the veggies, and the richness of the meat and eggs, creates a delightful experience with every bite. It’s no surprise that ươmạn has seamlessly woven itself into the fabric of Vietnam’s dynamic street food culture, thanks to its irresistible deliciousness.

The History and Origins of Ướmẽn

Vietnam’s ươmẽn has a rich history spanning centuries, tracing its origins to the Imperial City of Huế, the former capital nestled in central Vietnam. This well-loved noodle soup has deep roots in the cultural heritage of the region.

Royal roots

Legend has it that ươmẽn originated in the opulent royal palaces of the Nguyễn Dynasty during the 1800s. In a culinary exploration for the king and his court, royal chefs ventured into experimenting with various broths and spices. One particular experiment gave rise to ươmẽn, a delectable concoction featuring a fragrant blend of beef and chicken broth infused with spices such as cinnamon, star anise, and clove. This flavorful creation has since become a culinary gem with a royal legacy.

Gaining popularity

As time passed, the royal delicacy transcended palace walls, making its way from the regal confines to the bustling streets, transforming ươmẽn into a widespread sensation throughout Huế. The captivating combination of aromatic broth, tender rice noodles, fresh herbs, lime, and chili peppers enthralled both locals and visitors. Even today, Huế retains its status as the ươmẽn capital of Vietnam, although the dish has earned widespread popularity and recognition across the nation.

A cultural icon

Beyond being a delectable dish, ươmẽn has ingrained itself as a significant facet of Vietnam’s rich culture and history. Indulging in a bowl of ươmẽn transcends mere sustenance, evolving into a complete sensory journey—from the alluring fragrance of the broth to the harmonious blend of flavors and textures in every mouthful. For numerous Vietnamese individuals, ươmẽn carries a profound sense of nostalgia, family bonds, and a connection to their cultural roots. Whether in Huế, Hanoi, or Ho Chi Minh City, both locals and tourists alike partake in the pleasure of relishing this emblematic Vietnamese street food.

Key Aspects and Beliefs of the Ướmẽn Faith

The Ướmẇn faith has several key aspects and beliefs central to the religion.

Life and Afterlife

Adherents of Ướmẹn hold the belief that existence persists beyond death in a transformed state. They maintain that the soul possesses eternal qualities and undergoes reincarnation into a fresh corporeal form after death. The actions and conduct individuals exhibit in their current life shape their destiny in the subsequent life. Embracing the principles of Ướmẹn and leading a virtuous existence are seen as pathways to attaining an elevated state of being in the cycle of rebirth.

Harmony and Balance

Central to the teachings of Ướmẹn is the principle of fostering harmony and equilibrium in every aspect. Devotees dedicate themselves to cultivating a harmonious existence with the universe, nature, and the community. The belief extends to maintaining a balance between the spiritual and physical dimensions of life, as well as harmonizing work and leisure, tradition and progress. Attaining such balance and harmony across all facets of life is regarded as a pivotal step toward enlightenment and inner peace.

Community and Responsibility

Central to the teachings of Ướmẹn is the concept of interconnectedness and shared responsibility among all individuals. Adherents are entrusted with obligations to their family, community, and society at large. The philosophy encourages a culture of generosity, urging followers to contribute both time and financial resources, assist those in need, and collaborate for the collective welfare. The treatment of others is perceived as a mirror reflecting an individual’s spiritual progress within this belief system.

Meditation and Contemplation

Within the Ướmẹn faith, the practices of reflection and meditation hold significant importance. Devotees turn to meditation to gain insights into life’s profound questions, strengthen their connection with the divine, and attain inner tranquility. The contemplation of Ướmẹn teachings and the thoughtful consideration of one’s thoughts and actions are regarded as avenues toward wisdom and enlightenment.

To summarize, the foundational principles of harmony, balance, community, and contemplation intricately shape the Ướmẹn way of life. Followers firmly believe that by integrating these teachings into their daily lives, they can attain peace in both this world and the next.

Celebrations and Rituals of the Ướmẽn People

The Ướmẽn people engage in numerous significant celebrations and rituals throughout the year, deeply rooted in cultural traditions. These events serve as occasions for families and communities to come together, celebrating and paying homage to their rich heritage.

Harvest Festival

The primary yearly celebration is the Harvest Festival, taking place at the conclusion of the wet season every autumn. Communities unite to rejoice in the bountiful harvest and express gratitude for a productive growing season. Festivities include feasts, dancing, and ceremonies aimed at securing ongoing prosperity. Offerings of crops, livestock, and monetary contributions are presented to the deities and spirits safeguarding the land and its inhabitants.

Coming of Age Ritual

Upon reaching maturity, the Ướmằn youth partake in a detailed coming-of-age ceremony. In this ritual, young men and women are required to demonstrate their skills in jungle survival, including building shelters, creating fire, and hunting for sustenance. The culmination of the rite involves the application of body scarification and tattoos, symbolizing their transition into adulthood.

Ancestor Veneration

Ancestor veneration holds a significant place in the spiritual life of the Ướmằn people. Homes feature shrines dedicated to departed family members, where regular offerings of food, drink, and incense are presented as a gesture of respect. The Ướmằn hold the belief that even after death, ancestors continue to be an integral part of the family, exerting influence on the fortunes and events in the lives of their descendants.

Music and Dance

Music, song, and dance play a central role in all Ướmằn rituals and social gatherings. Traditional instruments such as the khen (mouth organ), khèn (conch shell trumpet), and trống (drum) accompany traditional dances that celebrate various aspects of life, including nature, fertility, and war. Through dancing and music, the Ướmằn people uphold cultural traditions, seek good fortune, and establish connections with spiritual forces.

The rituals and celebrations of the Ướmằn community underscore their profound cultural and spiritual ties with nature, community, and their forebears. These events serve to bind generations together, ensuring the perpetuation of their distinctive cultural heritage.

Where Ướmẽn Is Practiced Today

Today, ươmen is still observed in several countries across Southeast Asia, although its prevalence is not as widespread as in earlier times. Some of the locations where you can partake in ươmen include:


In Vietnam, ươmen was originally a folk remedy but has gained popularity as a spa treatment in recent years. Numerous upscale spas, particularly in major cities like Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, now provide ươmen massage and herbal treatments. Additionally, ươmen practitioners, referred to as thầy thuốc nam, are still present in smaller towns and villages.


Originating in Vietnam, ươmen found its way to Thailand and underwent adaptation to fit into Thai culture. In Thailand, it is recognized as นวดแผนโบราณ or traditional Thai massage. Similar to its historical use in Vietnam as a medical treatment, ươmen has evolved into a popular spa therapy in contemporary times. Numerous spas, particularly in tourist hotspots like Bangkok and Chiang Mai, now provide traditional Thai massage.


In Cambodia, ươmen is recognized as kru khmer or traditional Khmer medicine. Similar to its usage in Vietnam and Thailand, ươmen initially served as a folk remedy in Cambodia, but its contemporary practice is primarily focused on wellness and spa treatments, particularly catering to tourists. Practitioners of ươmen, referred to as kru khmer, can be located at Buddhist temples, spas, and wellness centers across Cambodia.

Other Countries

The influence of ươmen has extended to other Southeast Asian nations, including Laos, where it is recognized as traditional Lao massage. In Singapore and Malaysia, treatments inspired by ươmen are well-received in numerous spas and wellness centers. Despite its origin in Vietnam, ươmen has made a significant impact, resonating across various Southeast Asian countries.


Here’s all you need to know about ươmen – a traditional Vietnamese dish that offers a unique blend of flavors, textures, and aromas not found elsewhere. If you’re seeking a thrilling culinary adventure or aiming to impress your friends with an exotic recipe, don’t hesitate to try ươmen. Each savory bite will transport you to the vibrant streets of Vietnam. 

In case you can’t find the ingredients, check your local Asian grocery store or Vietnamese restaurant – they’re likely to have a delightful bowl of ươmen waiting for you. So, what are you waiting for? Dive in and savor this delicious taste of Vietnam!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *